Chemistry is a very large discipline and there will be a lot of sub-discipline as expected.
One of the discipline is the synthetic organic chemistry, which is a very focused field in chemistry for creating new organic substances. Of course this is the shortest possible way to answer your question of what is synthetic organic chemistry, and if you want to know more about this discipline, then perhaps you will need to know other concepts relating to chemistry.
Synthesis—why do we need it?
Chemical synthesis is an essential technique in combining the concepts in chemistry as well as the practical needs of the modern society. When we are doing a normal chemical analysis, we will usually study known substance and elements or compounds, like oxygen
or others in the periodic table. For example, we will take a look at the smell or color of that substance, as well as any notable physical and chemical properties, like the boiling point of it.
However, this process of study is not too efficient and effective in satisfying the increasing needs of human societies. The process of finding new natural elements and compounds are too slow and very often there is a need from the human beings, but there are just no elements or compounds that can satisfy the needs.
What is Synthesis then?
So, in light of this, we will want to create or produce a substance that can satisfy our needs all by ourselves instead of waiting for the natural discovery to take place. For example, if we want a special substance that can stick human beings together (just a random daydream—no worries), then we will need to create such substance since there are no known substance on Earth as of today that has such majestic properties.
When scientists are trying to obtain such a product, they will need to do a series of chemical reactions based on research as well as their knowledge and experience in the field. This process, is known as synthesis. In order to obtain a successful synthesis, we will need to manipulate the physical and chemical properties of the substance and it involves usually more than one reactions.
As we can expect, the rate of success for such a process is very low—as if it is successful, it basically means that we have created some new substances and it will be important news.
How synthesis relates to synthetic organic chemistry?
So, back to the subject we are discussing today. As the name suggests, you will know that synthesis is related in the field of synthetic organic chemistry. All you need to know more is what is meant by organic.
In chemistry, there are a lot of ways to classify the substance we are studying, like elements and compounds and others. One of such ways are whether or not such an element or compound is organic. An organic substance means that the substance contains carbon atoms—it can be one or it can be many. What is the significance of so? You need to know that the structure of organic substances are usually much more complicated than inorganic ones, and therefore more attention will usually be paid to organic substances, but of course they will bring more beneifts to us.
Synthetic organic chemistry is the study to create or obtain new substances that are organic by the way of chemical synthesis. While it is a very concentrated field in chemistry, it would be wrong to think that it is useless. Instead, it has much use in our daily life and it has a very wide application.